Any adopting parent is required by all state laws to complete an adoption homestudy before placement. A homestudy gathers information about an adopting family such as their motivation to adopt, their social history, and their parenting plans. In some cases, homestudies may include some education about adoption. The homestudy is written report that is developed over the course of several meetings, at least one of which takes place in the adopting couple’s home.
At the home visit, the social worker performing the homestudy can assess the home for the living conditions and safety of a child. Each homestudy can be completed differently. Although each state has some guidelines on what must be covered in a homestudy, each agency has their own way of compiling the information.
Some homestudies are completed by working only with the adopting family, while other agencies may have some group classes at the beginning or the end of the process. All homestudies, regardless of individual agency guidelines, will require medical records, a criminal background check, background information on each adopting parents, and a safety assessment of the home.
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